mer.

08

juin

2011

UMUSHINGA USAID HIGA UBEHO (BE DETERMINED AND LIVE) Préparé par Bellancille MUKAMUSIGARI

- USAID Higa Ubeho ni umushinga uterwa inkunga na Gahunda ya Perezida wa Leta zunze ubumwe za Amerika yo kurwanya SIDA (PEPFAR: President’s Emergency Plan for Aids Relief),ibinyujije mu Kigega cy’Abanyamerika cy’Iterambere Mpuzamahanga (USAID : United States Agency for International Development ).

- Ni umushinga uzamara imyaka itanu . Icyiciro cyawo cya mbere cyatangiye kuva mu kwakira 2009 kikazarangira muri Nzeri 2011. Icyiciro cya kabiri : Kuva mu Kwakira 2011 kuzageza mu Kwakira 2014.

- nUyu mushinga waje usimbura undi witwaga “CHAMP” (Community HIV AIDS Mobilization Program) wari umaze imyaka ine kuva muri 2006.

- Umushinga USAID HIGA UBEHO ukorera mu turere 20 tw’u Rwanda :

1. Bugesera                 11.Rwamagana    

2. Gatsibo                   12. Nyagatare

3. Gicumbi                  13. Rulindo

4. Gakenke                 14. Gasabo

5. Kicukiro                 15. Kamonyi

6. Muhanga                16. Ruhango

7. Nyamagabe            17. Nyaruguru

8. Karongi                  18. Ngororero

9. Rutsiro                    19. Nyabihu

10. Rubavu                 20. Nyarugenge

 

2. Ishyirwa mu bikorwa ry’umushinga:

 

+ Program consortium(Imiryango mpuzamahanga ifatanya mu micungire y’umushinga):

- CHF International

- Catholic Relief Services( CRS)

- Care International

+ Imiryango Nyarwanda ishyira mu bikorwa umushinga

- ARCT-Ruhuka        - RWAMREC

- ADEPR

- CARITAS                - HAGURUKA                                

- ICYUZUZO            - URUNANA DC

- WE-ACTx for Hope

- DUHAMIC ADRI             

- WIF

- AEE

- EPR

- SINAPISI   

- SWAA-R

 

3. Ibyiciro by’umushinga

 

- Ubuzima n’imibereho myiza y’Abahizi (Health and Social Services)

- Gufasha Abahizi (Abagenerwabikorwa) kwifasha no kwiyubakamo icyizere

- (Building Household Resilience)

- Kubaka ubushobozi (Capacity building)

- Ibikorwa rusange(Crosscutting Activities):

1. Kwita no gufasha abana b’imfubyi n’abandi bugarijwe n’ibibazo (OVC)

2. Guhindura imyitwarire (Behavior Change communication)

3. Uburinganire n’ubwuzuzanye(Gender Mainstreaming)

4. Isuzuma n’ikurikiranabikorwa(Monitoring & Evaluation)

 

4. USAID HIGA UBEHO muri Caritas ya Diyosezi ya Byumba ikorera mu   turere 3:

 

- Gicumbi

- Gatsibo

- Nyagatare

 

. Muri Gicumbi,umushinga ukorera mu mirenge 14, indi 7 isigaye ni ADEPR iyikoreramo. Iyo mirenge ni :

Bukure                     - Muko                        - Rutare

- Byumba                    - Mutete                      - Ruvune

- Giti                          - Nyamiyaga                - Rwamiko

- Kaniga                      - Rubaya                     - Shangasha

- Mukarange              - Rushaki

 

. Muri Gatsibo,ukorera mu mirenge 8, indi 6 isigaye ikoreramo AEE:

 

- Kabarore            -Nyagihanga

- Gitoki                  - Rwimbogo

- Ngarama             - Kageyo

- Muhura               - Gatsibo

 

. Muri Nyagatare,ukorera mu mirenge 8,6 isigaye ikoreramo EPR :

 

- Kiyombe               - Matimba

- Mukama               - Rwimiyaga

- Mimuri                 - Rwempasha

- Nyagatare            - Tabagwe

 

5. Ibikorwa by’umushinga USAID HIGA UBEHO muri Caritas ya Diyosezi ya Byumba muri uyu mwaka wa 2011

 

5.1. Ubuzima n’imibereho myiza (Health & Social Services)

 

Ibikorwa byakozwe

Ababikorewe

Akarere byakorewemo

Umubare w’ababikorewe

Gushyiraho amatsinda yo kwizigama no kugurizanya agizwe n'ababyeyi n'abandi barera abana bafashwa na USAID HIGA Ubeho

Ababyeyi n’abandi barera abana bafashwa n’umushinga USAID HIGA UBEHO

- Gicumbi

 

- Gatsibo

 

- Nyagatare

70

 

27

 

56

Gusura amatsinda yari yari yaragiyeho mu gihe cya CHAMP mu rwego rwo kureba niba agikora kugirango ashyirwe muri gahunda ya USAID HIGA Ubeho

Amatsinda yo kuzigama no kugurizanya

- Gicumbi

 

- Gatsibo

 

- Nyagatare

4

 

 

31

 

2

Gushyiraho amatsinda y'urubyiruko ahanini rugizwe n'abana bibana (enfants chefs de menages) n'abandi bacikishirije amashuli

Amatsinda y’urubyiruko

- Gicumbi

 

- Gatsibo

 

- Nyagatare

 

3

 

 

3

 

2

Guhugura abagize amatsinda y'ababyeyi bose ku bijyanye no kwizigama no kugurizanya mu matsinda

Amatsinda y’ababyeyi

- Gicumbi

 

-  Gatsibo

 

-  Nyagatare

70

 

 

27

 

54

Guhugura amatsinda y'urubyiruko ku kwizigama no kugurizanya mu matsinda

Amatsinda y’urubyiruko

- Gicumbi

 

- Gatsibo

 

- Nyagatare

3

 

 

3

 

2

Guhugura amatsinda y'urubyiruko ku miterere n'imikorere y'amakoperative

Amatsinda y’urubyiruko

- Gicumbi

 

- Gatsibo

 

-  Nyagatare

3

 

 

3

 

2

Guhugura amatsinda y'urubyiruko ku icungamutungo mu makoperative

Amatsinda y’urubyiruko

-  Gicumbi

 

-  Gatsibo

 

-  Nyagatare

3

 

 

3

 

2

Gukangurira amatsinda yose gufunguza amakonti muri microfinance

Amatsinda yo kwizigama no kugurizanya

-  Gicumbi

 

-  Gatsibo

 

-   Nyagatare

77

 

 

61

 

58

Gutanga ibikoresho ku matsinda biyafasha mu mirimo yo kwizigama no kugurizanya

Amatsinda yo kwizigama no kugurizanya

- Gicumbi

 

- Gatsibo

 

- Nyagatare

 

77

 

61

 

 

58

Gukurikirana no kugira inama amatsinda

Amatsinda yo kwizigama no kugurizanya

- Gicumbi

 

- Gatsibo

 

-  Nyagatare

77

 

61

 

 

58

Guhugura abagize koperative ku bijyanye n'imiterere n'imikorere y'amakoperative

Abanyamuryango ba koperative

- Gicumbi

 

-  Gatsibo

 

-  Nyagatare

100

 

 

100

 

100

Guhugura abagize koperative ku bijyanye n'icungamutungo mu makoperative

Abanyamuryango ba koperative

-  Gicumbi

 

-  Gatsibo

 

-  Nyagatare

100

 

 

100

 

100

Urugendo-shuli ku makoperative

Abagize komiti za koperative

-  Gicumbi

 

-  Gatsibo

 

- Nyagatare

4

 

4

 

 

4

Gusura no kugira inama amakoperative

Abagize komiti za koperative

- Gicumbi

 

-  Gatsibo

 

-  Nyagatare

4

 

4

 

 

4

 

 5.3.Guteza imbere ubukungu bw’Abahizi (Economic strengthening)

 

INTANGIRIRO

 

Mu rwego rwo gukangurira abaturage b’abakene uburyo bwo kwiteza imbere bizigamira kandi bagurizanya, umushinga USAID Higa Ubeho washyizeho uburyo bwo kwizigama no kugurizanya mu matsinda aribwo bwitwa ISLG. ISLG ni amagambo ahinnye y’icyongereza ariyo : Internal Savings and Lending Groups, mu gifaransa bikavuga : Groupes d’Epargne et Crėdit InternesMu kinyarwanda tugenekereje twavuga ” ubufatanye mu kwizigama no kugurizanya mu matsinda.

 

Umushinga USAID Higa Ubeho ukorera muri Caritas ya Diyosezi ya Byumba wahisemo gukoresha ubu buryo kuko bufitiye akamaro kanini abagenerwabikorwa (Abahizi) bibumbiye mu matsinda. Ubu buryo bukaba bubafasha kurushaho kugira umuco wo kwizigama, kumenya gukoresha neza inguzanyo ndetse no kumenya gukoresha neza umutungo wabo bakawubyaza umusaruro. Ibyo byose bakabigeraho mu buryo bw’ubufatanye mu kwizigama no kugurizanya hagati yabo. Kuba muri ubu buryo abagize itsinda bizigama ndetse n’umunyamuryango ushatse kuguza bakamuguriza akazishyura yongeyeho inyungu, bifasha imiryango idafiteubushobozi bwo kuguza amafaranga muri za banki ndetsebikanategurira amabanki abakiriya beza.

Akaba ari yo mpamvu muri ubu buryo harimo no gukangurira abagenerwabikorwa ba USAID Higa Ubeho kugana no gufunguza amakonti mu bigo by’imari biciriritse cyane cyane UMURENGE SACCO ndetse na RIM.

 

Mu bihugu ubu buryo bwatangiriyemo bigaragara neza ko bwavanye abantu mu bukene kandi bubigisha kumenya gukora, gucunga neza ibyo bafite no kubibyaza inyungu.

 

5.3.1 Ibikorwa byakozwe bijyanye no guteze imbere ubukungu bw’Abahizi 

 

Ibikorwa byakozwe

Ababikorewe

Akarere byakorewemo

Umubare w’ababikorewe

Gushyiraho amatsinda yo kwizigama no kugurizanya agizwe n'ababyeyi n'abandi barera abana bafashwa na USAID HIGA Ubeho

Ababyeyi n’abandi barera abana bafashwa n’umushinga USAID HIGA UBEHO

- Gicumbi

 

- Gatsibo

 

- Nyagatare

70

 

27

 

56

Gusura amatsinda yari yari yaragiyeho mu gihe cya CHAMP mu rwego rwo kureba niba agikora kugirango ashyirwe muri gahunda ya USAID HIGA Ubeho

Amatsinda yo kuzigama no kugurizanya

- Gicumbi

 

- Gatsibo

 

- Nyagatare

4

 

 

31

 

2

Gushyiraho amatsinda y'urubyiruko ahanini rugizwe n'abana bibana (enfants chefs de menages) n'abandi bacikishirije amashuli

Amatsinda y’urubyiruko

- Gicumbi

 

- Gatsibo

 

- Nyagatare

 

3

 

 

3

 

2

Guhugura abagize amatsinda y'ababyeyi bose ku bijyanye no kwizigama no kugurizanya mu matsinda

Amatsinda y’ababyeyi

- Gicumbi

 

-  Gatsibo

 

-  Nyagatare

70

 

 

27

 

54

Guhugura amatsinda y'urubyiruko ku kwizigama no kugurizanya mu matsinda

Amatsinda y’urubyiruko

- Gicumbi

 

- Gatsibo

 

- Nyagatare

3

 

 

3

 

2

Guhugura amatsinda y'urubyiruko ku miterere n'imikorere y'amakoperative

Amatsinda y’urubyiruko

- Gicumbi

 

- Gatsibo

 

-  Nyagatare

3

 

 

3

 

2

Guhugura amatsinda y'urubyiruko ku icungamutungo mu makoperative

Amatsinda y’urubyiruko

-  Gicumbi

 

-  Gatsibo

 

-  Nyagatare

3

 

 

3

 

2

Gukangurira amatsinda yose gufunguza amakonti muri microfinance

Amatsinda yo kwizigama no kugurizanya

-  Gicumbi

 

-  Gatsibo

 

-   Nyagatare

77

 

 

61

 

58

Gutanga ibikoresho ku matsinda biyafasha mu mirimo yo kwizigama no kugurizanya

Amatsinda yo kwizigama no kugurizanya

- Gicumbi

 

- Gatsibo

 

- Nyagatare

 

77

 

61

 

 

58

Gukurikirana no kugira inama amatsinda

Amatsinda yo kwizigama no kugurizanya

- Gicumbi

 

- Gatsibo

 

-  Nyagatare

77

 

61

 

 

58

Guhugura abagize koperative ku bijyanye n'imiterere n'imikorere y'amakoperative

Abanyamuryango ba koperative

- Gicumbi

 

-  Gatsibo

 

-  Nyagatare

100

 

 

100

 

100

Guhugura abagize koperative ku bijyanye n'icungamutungo mu makoperative

Abanyamuryango ba koperative

-  Gicumbi

 

-  Gatsibo

 

-  Nyagatare

100

 

 

100

 

100

Urugendo-shuli ku makoperative

Abagize komiti za koperative

-  Gicumbi

 

-  Gatsibo

 

- Nyagatare

4

 

4

 

 

4

Gusura no kugira inama amakoperative

Abagize komiti za koperative

- Gicumbi

 

-  Gatsibo

 

-  Nyagatare

4

 

4

 

 

4

 

 

5.3.2. F.F.S/(FARMERS FIELD SCHOOLS) 

CHAMPS-ECOLES/IMIRIMA-SHULI

          

Mu rwego rwo gukangurira abahizi kwihaza mu biribwa mu gusarura byinshi kandi bifite intungamubiri zose za ngombwa ku butaka buto cyane bafite,umushinga washyizeho muri buri murenge amatsinda(F.F.S) yigishijwe kandi nayo yigisha ubuhinzi ndumburabutaka bukoresha inyongeramusaruro-kamere (Biointensive Agriculture/Agriculture bio intensive)

           

F.F.S ni impine y’amagambo y’icyongereza ariyo: Farmer Field Schools,aribyo mu gifaransa: Champs-Ecoles,mu kinyarwanda akaba ari IMIRIMA-SHULI.

Muri buri FFS hahuguwe umuyobozi wayo nawe akajya guhugura bagenzi be.FFS igizwe n’abanyamuryango bari hagati ya 25-30.Abanyamuryango ba FFS bahura byibuze inshuro imwe mu cyumweru kugirango bige za Tekiniki nshya z’ ubuhinzi ndumburabutaka bukoresha inyongeramusaruro-kamere n’indi mirimo irebana n’umurima-shuli.Dufite imirima-shuli 13 igizwe n’imirima-shuli 8 y’abakuze(A.F.F.S=Adult Farmer Field )na 5 FFS z’abana(JFFS=Junior Farmer Field Schools).

 

FFS ikorera mu murima w’icyitegererezo uba watanzwe n’urwego uru n’uru/umuturage nk’intizo cyangwa ubukode.

 

INTEGO Y’IMIRIMA-SHULI

 

-Kubyaza umusaruro mwinshi kandi mwiza ubutaka bucye kandi bwagundutse umuhizi afite

-Kwigisha umuhizi kubona indyo yuzuye muntungamubiri za ngombwa ivuye mubyo yihingiye ubwe

-Kwongerera ubutaka uburumbuke hadakoreshejwe ifumbire mvaruganda

-Gukoresha amazi neza

-Kurwanya isuri no kurengera ibidukikije n’ibindi

 

Tekiniki zigishijwe ni 9 arizo :

 

1.Vegetation compost=Fumure-tas=Ifumbire y’ikirundo

2.Trench compost=Ifumbire yo mumuferege

3.Basket compost=Ifumbire yo mu mwobo

4.Double dug bed=Akarima gatumburutse kongerewe ubujyakuzimu

5.Sunken bed=Akarima kitse kongerewe ubujyakuzimu

6.Mandala Garden=Akarima ka Mandala(nako ni akarima k’igikoni)

7.Zaypit=Akalima ka Zay

8.Kitchen garden=Akarima k’igikoni ka etage n’akameze nk’umusozi

9.Container garden=Akarima ko mumufuka


24 Kanama 2014: Icyumweru cya 21 mu byumweru bisanzwe

         AMASOMO:
Iz 22, 19-23abr /> Rom 11, 33-36
 Mt 16, 13-20


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